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Indricothere

Indricothere lived: 30-25 million years ago. Many species of indricothere have been found across Eurasia, the largest found in the Hsanda Gol formation of Mongolia.

Type: Giant Hornless Rhino
Diet: Herbivore
Size: The largest males were 4.5m to 5m at the shoulder, weighing 15 tonnes (females around 12 tonnes).
Protection status: Extinct
Pronunciation: IN-drik-oh-theer
Latin name: Paraceratherium transouralicum
Meaning: "indrik beast" (the indrik is a fabulous mythological animal in Russian folklore with one horn, like a unicorn)
Animal Type: Mammal - perissodactyl
Dietary Type: Herbivorous - browsing on upper branches of deciduous trees
Closest Living Relative: Rhinos
Size: The largest males were 4.5m at the shoulder, weighing 15 tonnes (females around 12 tonnes).

These ancient members of the rhinoceros family grew to enormous sizes. They had long legs and necks to browse the tallest trees like modern giraffes. The males were bigger than the females and had heavier, more dome-shaped skulls. They probably fought like giraffes, using their heads and necks.

The huge indricotheres of the Oligocene were the largest land mammals ever to have lived. They were just larger than the Colombian mammoth, and the largest of the deinotheres. Although they are members of the rhino family, they became adapted to browsing the tops of trees like modern giraffes. Their whole body was stretched upwards to do this, with very long legs and a long neck.

The fossils show that males were slightly bigger than females, with slightly more domed and reinforced skulls, suggesting that the males fought rather like modern giraffes.

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