Habitat and DistributionEdit
Marmosets and tamarins are found primarily in the tropical rainforests of South America with a few remnant populations located in Central America. The common marmoset is distributed throughout the Atlantic Coastal Forest of northeastern Brazil.
- Translocated populations of the common marmoset also flourish in the ranges of other Brazilian marmoset and tamarin species, such as around Rio de Janiero, well beyond their native coastal forests.
The home range of a marmoset group can vary from 5,000 to 65,000 square meters (1.2-16 acres). On any one day a marmoset group will travel about 500 to 1000 meters.
The common marmoset is entirely arboreal (tree dwelling) and prefers secondary or disturbed forests and edge habitat.
- This species may also be found in coastal and upland scrub forest, gallery forests and even gardens and parks of South American cities, such as Natal and Joao Pessoa.
- Wherever they are found, their home range will typically include a variety of habitat types.
Although the common marmoset utilizes a mixture of habitats, there are two criteria which usually must be met for the habitat to be appropriate:
- Enough trees must produce exudates (saps and gums) for food
- Sufficient hiding places for cover from predators, such as raptors and snakes.