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American Mink

Diet: American Mink are opportunistic predators and they mainly feed on rats, rabbits, birds, fish, frogs and crayfish.

Main Characteristics: American Mink have a body length between 30 and 54 cms (12 - 21.5 inches), a tail length between 14 and 21 cms (5.5 - 8.5 inches) and they weigh between 0.7 and 2 kgs (1.25 - 4.5 lbs). They are usually dark brown in colour but occasionally they can be grey/blue.

Habitat: American Mink are native to Canada and the USA but populations have been introduced into Europe and Asia. They prefer forested areas close to water and they are solitary animals.

Breeding: After a gestation period of 40 - 75 days, 3 - 6 young are born in a den. They are weaned at 6 weeks old and become independent between 6 and 10 months.

American Mink reach sexual maturity at 10 months old.

Predators: Predators of American Mink include Bobcats, Coyotes, Great Horned Owls and the Grey Wolf.

Subspecies: Subspecies of American Mink include: Neovison vison aestuarina, Neovison vison aniakensis, Neovison vison enerqumenos, Neovison vison evagor, Neovison vison evergladensis, Neovison vison ingens, Neovison vison lacustris, Neovison vison letifera, Neovison vison lowii, Neovison vison lutensis, Neovison vison melampeplus, Neovison vison mink, Neovison vison nesolestes, Neovison vison vison and Neovison vison vulgivaga.

Latin Name Neovison vison
Conservation Status Near Threatened
Location Native: Canada & USA

Introduced: Europe & Asia

Colour Dark Brown
Length 30 - 54 cms (12 - 21.5 inches)
Tail 14 - 21 cms (5.5 - 8.5 inches)
Weight 0.7 - 2 Kgs (1.25 - 4.5 lbs)
Life Expectancy

Up to 15 Yrs

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